When do you need Physiotherapist support

Physiotherapists are specialist therapists who provide support with body posture, body movement and improving the strength of muscles to achieve optimum independence in bodily functions.

Physiotherapists offer assessment and support across all age groups, from babies to the elderly. Babies born with club foot (talipes equinovarus – which means babies born with the foot turned inward and downward) require early physiotherapy to relax muscles and to restore normal foot position.

Physiotherapists play a vital role in improving the independence of elderly people by helping with exercise, body movements and physical activity.

Mobility is a vital skill for independent life, which could be affected in the early years due to problems in the brain or spine or muscles or mechanical problems in the joints.  Self-dependant mobility or assisted mobility body movements and pain-free movements are essential to do activities of daily living [ADL].

Physiotherapists offer support, not only improving muscle strength when it is weak but also optimising muscle relaxation by targeted exercise / stretching muscles.

It is not uncommon for people to develop body pain after unusual physical exertion such as gardening or strenuous sports activity.

When do you need Physiotherapist support?

Pain – Back pain, shoulder pain, neck pain, Ankle/knee pain.

Sports injury – Sports massage.

Post-operative recovery /rehabilitation.

Joint stiffness – Difficulty with joint[s] movement or restricted range of movements.

Chronic lung disease –  Bronchiectasis and Cystic Fibrosis

Women’s health – Pelvic floor exercise.

Incontinence – Bladder and Bowel support.

Brain / Spinal injury – Neurorehabilitation.

Cancer and chronic illness – Exercise programmes.

Ergonomic assessment – Posture management.

Physiotherapists use various techniques to assess and support joint and muscle function. Many of the therapies are manual for example muscle relaxation, muscle stretching exercise and massage etc. Equally, they use various equipment to provide specific interventions.  One of the common instruments used by physiotherapists is a TENS machine. TENS stands for transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.  TENS machines are widely used for relieving body pain and joint pain and muscle spasms. It is recommended to use these kinds of instruments with the guidance of your specialists.

There are a few examples of techniques used by physiotherapists given here:

Stretch Exercise / Core Exercise

Deep massage

Dry needling


Swiss Ball exercise

Joint mobilisation and manipulation



Fall is a real problem for the elderly. Fall causes bodily injury and prevents functional mobility. Physiotherapists can assist with the after-effects of a bad fall.

You access additional information about the Fall from the following website. 

The Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP) website has published a leaflet about Falls. You can access the leaflet from the external link.